This post originally appeared in English on the Hello BC blog.
In the quiet of winter, wildlife viewing in BC is especially magical. There’s the serenity of the hushed woods, the snowy backdrop, and the solitude, which heightens all the senses. Without the screen of much vegetation, the brown and gray coats of mammals stand out against the white, making them easier to see and photograph.
November to March is a good time to hone your tracking skills, especially after a light snowfall. You can also pair animal pursuits with the drama of storm watching. Here are five tips for enjoying the very best winter wildlife viewing in BC.
Know your wildlife
Learn a bit about the critter you’re hoping to see: is it active in the early morning or at night? What does it eat? Is it a river hunter or deep-sea diver? What do its tracks and scat look like?
Here’s what you might see in wintertime: bald eagles, water birds (such as cormorants), herons, peregrine falcons, snowy owls, lynx, wolves, marten, sea otter, bighorn sheep, snowshoe hare, cougars, deer, elk, and moose. On the water, you could see Orcas and other whales, porpoises, dolphins, sea lions, or harbor and elephant seals.
Identify the habitat
Where does the animal live? Harbor seals, for example, prefer offshore rocky outcroppings and reefs. Moose, on the other hand, don’t live in coastal areas, but gravitate toward valley bottoms to find shelter from the wind. Find out what zones they’re active in. Professional guides know where animals have been recently spotted. You can join a group tour, hire a private guide, or go out solo.
Remember: they’re wild — that’s why it’s so thrilling to see them. Always exercise caution. Don’t feed animals or get too close. Moose can be aggressive, and all animals can be unpredictable. Read safety recommendations before you head out. Stay alert, and move slowly and quietly.
When you’re driving, watch out for animals, such as moose, on the road.
Wear the right gear
Dress for success: wear earth-tone layers that blend in, a waterproof shell, gloves, and sturdy footwear. Bring insect repellant, sunscreen, snacks, and plenty of water. Bring along a field guide and binoculars, a friend, and safety whistle. Put your camera or smartphone in a zip-top bag for protection, in a zipped pocket where you can quickly grab it. Ideally, you want a camera with a telephoto lens to zoom way in. Be prepared to wait.
Maximize your chances of a sighting
True, BC is home to one of the biggest population of black bears in the world. But in winter they’re hibernating.
Increase your odds of spotting wildlife by looking for animals that are active, rather than hibernating, in the cold season. Those that are out and about are focused on finding food, and even shy species venture out to forage.
Here’s where you can find some favorites:
Bald eagles – From November to March along the dyke bordering the Squamish River in Squamish’s Brackendale Eagles Provincial Park, one of North America’s largest congregations of wintering bald eagles. Another option: the Fraser Valley.
Hawks, owls, and eagles – In Delta, which is a suburb of Vancouver.
Dall sheep and golden eagles – In northwest BC near the Alaska/Yukon border at Haines Junction.
Bighorn sheep – In the south Cariboo Chilcotin (even from the road), Similkameen, and Okanagan regions at low elevations in grassy meadows, rocky cliffs, and near canyon walls. Try above the Chilcotin and Fraser Rivers.
Moose – Northern BC, where over 70 % of the province’s 210,000 moose reside, plus elk, and caribou (Muncho Lake Provincial Park, Stone Mountain Provincial Park). In the Cariboo, Bowron Lake Provincial Park.
Porpoises and Pacific white-sided dolphins – These playful creatures frolic all around BC’s coastal waters and like to surf boat wakes.